Feed Lot

SEP-OCT 2017

Feedlots and cow/calf operations in the beef industry who feed 500 or more has annually on grains and concentrates; maintain 500 or more beef cows; backgrounder, stocker/grower, preconditioner; veterinarian, nutritionist, consultant

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seven days after treatment than three or five days. Be sure to administer the drugs correctly, by verifying the proper i njection site and dose volume for t he site. Different tissues, such as muscle or subcutaneous, absorb the antibiotics at different rates. Smith also says to "Know when to quit. Recognize when you're not making progress." Keeping good records of antibi- otic use is essential. Besides avoid- ing overtreatment, good records can help the veterinarian and pro- ducer analyze treatment effective- ness and identify disease trends. Beyond treating sick animals, Smith puts emphasis on preventa- tive health. He recommends rou- tine surgeries like castration and disbudding be done at an early age when studies have proven it is less stressful; and "good, old animal husbandry" – reducing stressful sit- uations in general. Avoid over- crowding in pens and practice low- stress weaning. Identifying sick animals needing treatment can be a challenge, particularly in a disease's early stages. To more effectively sort calves according to health, Smith says there are new tools coming on the market. A simple machine that measures the animal's white blood cell count takes producer diagnosis beyond "looking at their eyes and taking a rectal temp." Also coming is a tag that tracks a calf as it moves to the water tank or feed bunk, movements that can indicate a calf may be sick up to 18 hours sooner than a pen rider's keen eye. The affordability of such de - vices for routine use is yet to be determined. Smith stresses producers need to rely on their veterinarians for helping developing protocols and providing on-site training in dis- ease identification and treatment. Just as the reaction to human AMR involves monitoring, research and education, so too should beef's response, says Smith. He says beef producers should adhere to two acronyms: ABL and ABC. ABL = Always Be Learning Beef Quality Assurance address- es the issue with online resources and antibiotic use guidelines. White papers on the subject are available on animalagricutlure.org and the seventh annual NIAA An- tibiotic Fall Symposium is sched- uled for late October. Smith also stresses the impor- tance of producers sharing best practices with one another. ABC = Always Be Connecting Antibiotic resistance is getting everyone's attention, and aside from herd health effects, animal agriculture has to comply with con- sumer expectations. Smith says producers and vets should always be looking for opportunities to share accurate information. Civic events, 4-H & FFA, social media, even one-on-one conversations on airplanes or in grocery stores pro- vide a chance to offer real conver- sation vs. the typical sound bite. AMR is a difficult problem with far-reaching implications, and solu- tions require innovation, open minds, and producers, retailers, communicators, scientists and gov- ernment agencies working together. "Collaboration is key," says Smith, "if we are to advance our goals of animal health and food safety." FL 20 FEED•LOT  September/October 2017 MANAGEMENT Get Smart... from previous page A B C A B L

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