Feed Lot

JUN 2018

Feedlots and cow/calf operations in the beef industry who feed 500 or more has annually on grains and concentrates; maintain 500 or more beef cows; backgrounder, stocker/grower, preconditioner; veterinarian, nutritionist, consultant

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amount of shaded area, east to west, and will allow sunlight to dry the ground under the structure. A slight pitch will allow for runoff and anchoring the shade with materials of adequate size and strength for local wind conditions is important. Smaller, multiple structures are encouraged so cattle don't bunch up under one shaded area. Porta- ble structures are also a benefit so they can be moved as necessary, depending on conditions. Dan Thomson, PhD, DVM and Offering properly designed and positioned shade structures can make a big difference in a feed yard setting. It's no surprise that airflow and shade can help alleviate heat stress in livestock. Shade can decrease the core body temperature and respiration rate of cattle by reduc- ing solar radiation. And placed in areas where the airflow is ade- quate, shade can reduce heat stress significantly. Windbreaks are great in the winter but can hinder the air- flow in the summer months. Thus placement and design of shades is important. According to the USDA, orienting the longest axis of the shade in a north-to-south direction will maximize the FEEDLOT FOCUS Photos courtesy Stroble Manufacturing S h a d e K e y s t o S U C C E S S 18 FEED•LOT June 2018

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